CBD oil: Uses & health benefits
Cannabidiol or CBD is one of over one hundred types of cannabinoids found in a cannabis plant. The two most common cannabinoids are THC and CBD. THC is probably the most famous ingredient in the cannabis plant, but within a few years CBD has become a sought-after product due to its positive health properties and stormed the natural products industry.
THC is another cannabinoid that has some medical benefits just like CBD does, but can also make you high. Unlike the active substance THC, CBD is hardly psychoactive, i.e. it does not cause intoxication and therefore is legal in most countries of the world. In addition, typical side effects of THC, such as memory loss, lack concentration, and perception disorders, usually do not occur after consuming CBD.
What is CBD Oil Made of?
CBD or cannabidiol is mainly found in the hemp cultivar and therefore does not have a psychoactive effect.
Many are still convinced that cannabis is equivalent to marijuana. That is absolutely wrong. Since there are different varieties, especially the Cannabis Sativa, a specially bred variety has the highest proportion of CBD and is therefore used for the production of CBD oil.
How Does CBD Work?
CBD works directly with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). Have you heard of such a system? Discovered in the 1990s by scientists, ECS is a complex network of special receptors and chemicals that are similar to cannabis and are called cannabinoids. They are responsible for maintaining balance in our body and our mind.
In addition, it is believed that CBD stimulates the endocannabinoid system if it is depleted or the functioning of your body as a whole is disturbed.
How Long Does CBD Stay in the Body?
CBD is legal in all US states and most European countries, so there’s no need to worry about whether you will fail a drug test, as most urine screenings do not detect CBD.
It is considered that CBD remains in your system from two to five days (according to clinical studies conducted on patients suffering from Huntington's disease). However, the time during which the molecule completely leaves the human body, depends on each person, as well as on the number of received CBD.
CBD Ingredients And Their Effects
CBD oil contains many important ingredients. The human body can not produce them itself, so they are necessary. It contains not only vitamins and fiber, but also minerals and proteins. The essential fatty acids needed by the body (for example, polyunsaturated omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids) can provide a CBD oil in an optimal ratio of 3:1 ingredients.
Both fatty acids are important for cell regeneration and renewal and play a crucial role in the development of cell membranes. They are also believed to help reduce inflammation and have a positive effect on blood pressure. There is also a rare gamma-linolenic acid, which also has an anti-inflammatory effect.
Other ingredients in CBD oil:
Vitamin B1, which can affect serotonin levels and create a good mood);
Vitamin B2 (which is a coenzyme in cell conversion processes);
Vitamin E (a natural antioxidant that is thought to be a free radical scavenger);
Iron (a trace element that should influence the transfer of oxygen from the blood to the cells);
Potassium (should play a role in water balance and impulse transmission to nerves);
Calcium (minerals play a role in bones and teeth and must come from food);
Copper (considered important for the formation of red blood cells and can help strengthen the immune system, but should be ingested with food)l;
Magnesium (found throughout the human skeleton and is believed to affect blood circulation, lung function and other organs, as well as the immune system);
Manganese (should be important for important enzymatic processes and influence the formation of healthy connective tissue);
Sodium (must be able to affect muscle activity and transmit nerve impulses);
Phosphorus (in combination with calcium, it can improve the stability of bones and teeth and increase cells);
Zinc (intended to influence the healthy regeneration of the skin and to participate in numerous metabolic functions).
The green color of the oil is also responsible for the important substance chlorophyll. Chlorophyll can be compared to human hemoglobin and is important for cellular respiration. This can help detoxify and cleanse the cells and supply them with fresh oxygen. Carotenoids also play a role in the coloring of CBD oil and give it a golden yellow gloss. They can also counteract premature aging. Other antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, can also affect cholesterol levels and, can have a positive effect on cardiovascular diseases.
Thanks to its many ingredients, CBD oil can have a positive effect on your health.
CBD Oil And Contained Cannabinoids
CBD oil contains some cannabinoids that can affect the nervous system and brain. These include:
CBD (cannabidiol - the second most common cannabinoid in marijuana, which, however, does not have a psychoactive effect, but should be able to relieve chronic pain);
CBC (it has an anti-inflammatory effect and can also help relieve pain. It also plays a role in cell renewal);
CBG (Cannabigerol, which has an antibacterial effect;
CBN (Cannabinol. It is believed that it has a slightly psychoactive effect, but is present only in fresh plants in very small quantities. It can help reduce anxiety and intraocular pressure.
CBD Oil And Its Benefits
Here are the things that CBD oil is most effective against:
Many people have trouble falling asleep. Unfortunately, medications that you can get in pharmacies are often addictive. They also have a side effect of intoxication the day after they are taken. This is why CBD oil is so great. It is totally safe and does not create any habits.
2. Multiple sclerosis
Cannabidiol not only reduces the inflammatory effects of multiple sclerosis, but can also protect you from this disease for a long time. This was confirmed by researchers at the Kahal Institute. CBD oil was used to treat mice with multiple sclerosis for ten days. Those who were given CBD oil had better successes and motor skills than those who didn’t take anything. Based on this study, scientists concluded that cannabidiol can potentially reduce the negative effects of multiple sclerosis.
3. Crohn's disease
Crohn's disease is an inflammatory disease of the gastrointestinal tract in different areas (from the mouth to the rectum). A CBD can effectively treat it, and this has already been proven by researchers. People suffering from Crohn disease have problems with the physical system that is responsible for our bowel function. Both CBD and THC have interactions with this system, which can alleviate intestinal problems through their anti-inflammatory properties.
The study was published in Translational Psychiatry by German scientists back in 2012. In this study, CBD was compared with Amisulpride, a powerful antipsychotic drug used to treat people with schizophrenia. There were 42 people in toal. Both drugs turned out to be effective, but CBD oil had fewer side effects.
5. Post Traumatic Stress
When you use CBD, it might feel like the time slows down and you become calmer. This is due to the properties of CBD, which reduce the effects of inflammation and anxiety. People suffering from PTSD also suffer from stress and anxiety, making it very hard for them to overcome difficulties. CBD oil is something that can help patients with its antipsychotic effect.
6. Mad Cow Disease
Prions are proteins that are behind diseases such as mad cow disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which cause degeneration of neurological systems. CBD can interfere with the formation and accumulation of prions. Back in 2007, Neuroscience magazine conducted a study that proved it. The survival time of infected mice that were studied increased by an average of seven days.
Fibromyalgia is usually treated with corticosteroids, painkillers with opioids and anti-inflammatory drugs. CBD oil was used to treat fibromyalgia in a study conducted back in 2011. 28 participants used traditional medicines, and other 28 used CBD oil. Those who took traditional medicines had little improvement in pain, while those who took cannabidiol had less pain and barely fibromyalgia symptoms.
The Journal of Clinical Investigation and the National Institutes of Health published a clinical study showing how CBD can be used to treat acne. Cannabidiol was applied to the oil glands of people to see how this affects acne. It was concluded that CBD oil can inhibit lipid synthesis, making it an effective anti-inflammatory sebrostatic.
9. Dependence on cigarettes
Twenty-four people who smoked participated in a placebo-controlled study. They were given an inhaler that contained either placebo or CBD oil. Whenever smokers felt the need to smoke a cigarette, instead they paused for the inhaler. Participants who had placebo inhalers still consumed the same amount of cigarettes. On the other hand, those who had CBD inhalers smoked 40% less than usual. Their nicotine traction did not increase, which indicates that CBD oil can be used to fight nicotine addiction.
Forms of CBD
There are many different products containing the CBD ingredient. The most used ones are CBD oil, capsules and E-Liquids. There are also CBD pastes, CBD chewing gums, CBD crystals, and skin care products containing CBD.
What Criteria Should be Considered When Purchasing CBD Products?
If you want to buy CBD oil, make sure that it is a high-quality product.
You should check whether the manufacturer has strict rules for growing and harvesting it, and that the products are strictly tested;
Pesticides, herbicides and fungicides are not supposed to be used during cultivation;
There are no harmful impurities in the oil. Only natural ingredients should be used.
Not All CBD Oil is Created Equal
Not every CBD oil contains the amount of active ingredient actually indicated on the label. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) tested a large amount of oils in 2015 and 2016 and found that some products on the market did not contain CBD at all or it was much less than indicated.
It seems that all CBD oils are the same, but in reality there are several manufacturing processes for extracting CBD from cannabis.
If you want the oil to be as pure as possible, you should make sure that it is produced by extraction of CO₂. This method is soft to plants, and important substances, such as terpene remain intact. In addition, carbon dioxide is cost-effective, environmentally friendly, found in nature and leaves no traces. It is pretty obvious that no one needs a product that is loaded with synthetic chemicals;
Decarboxylation of CBD. CBDa, the so-called inactive ingredient, is simply a precursor to CBD. For 10% oil, the CBDA value is relatively high. The body must first convert this higher proportion of CBDA and make it bioavailable. Thus, it may happen that with a 10% product only 5% to 7% are actually available. A costly decarboxylation process converts the CBDA content to a bioavailable CBD, so the promised 10% CBD actually exists for the consumer. With prolonged exposure to heat, a chemical reaction is initiated, in which the carbon dioxide molecule is cleaved from the CBDA. This process is similar to the decarboxylation of THCA to THC, a process that occurs when burning with the release of psychoactive substances. CBD oils that are not decarboxylated are often cheaper and less effective at the same time.
How to Take CBD
The human body can absorb cannabinoids very quickly and effectively using the following three methods:
Through the mucous membrane in the mouth (CBD oil). Before taking CBD oil, shake the bottle well. To take the oil, just drop it under the tongue and hold in the mouth for 2–5 minutes before swallowing and entering the bloodstream directly. This type of intake is considered one of the fastest ways to feel the effects of CBD (after about 5–20 minutes);
Through the lungs (CBD liquid through the evaporator);
Through the skin (ointments containing CBD).
Side Effects of CBD
It’s amazing how a single plant extract can potentially do so many things - and the benefits of a CBD far outweigh the side effects.
However, it is important to know about the potential side effects of CBD before starting to use it. Although they are insignificant, it is important to remember that the effect of a CBD may affect differently, and what may happen to one person most likely will not happen to you.
Therefore, it is important to start taking CBD very carefully and consciously. Start with a low dose and gradually increase it. If you notice any side effects, simply reduce the dose.
Main side effects:
Dry mouth. Although the likelihood is low, CBD can cause thirst, dry mouth, or cotton mouth. This is due to the fact that, as shown by studies in 2006, cannabinoid receptors are present in the submaxillary glands, which are responsible for the production of saliva. This means that while CBD is involved in the endocannabinoid system process, saliva is not produced;
Lowers blood pressure. When CBD oil is taken in higher doses, a slight decrease in blood pressure may be one of the potential side effect. This usually occurs within the first few minutes, while the CBD does not enter your system; such a state is not permanent. However, if you are taking blood pressure medications, we recommend that you consult with your doctor before using CBD;
Dizziness. This is often caused by a drop in blood pressure while taking large doses of CBD. However, this effect is temporary and can usually be eliminated with a cup of tea or coffee;
Increased tremor in Parkinson's disease (only with a high dose of CBD). Early studies of CBD initially suggested that people with Parkinson's disease may experience worsening of tremor and muscle movement when taking very high doses of CBD. However, more recent studies also claim that cannabidiol is safe for use by patients with Parkinson's disease;
Drowsiness. CBD in higher doses affects people differently and can also cause drowsiness. If you experience this side effect, do not drive or operate heavy machinery - just reduce the dose you are taking.